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Explore the Dimensions of Work-Related Quality of Life Scale through Factor Analysis

August 22, 2023
Henry Harris
Henry Harris
🇨🇦 Canada
Statistical Analysis
Henry Harris, a distinguished biostatistician, holds a Ph.D. from the University of Toronto. With vast experience over 8+ years, he adeptly solves assignments, showcasing mastery in statistical methodologies and transformative research in health sciences.
Key Topics
  • Problem Description:
    • Factor Analysis Results:
  • Factor Descriptions:
    • Factor 1: General Well-Being (GWB)
    • Factor 2: Job and Career Satisfaction (JCS)
    • Factor 3: Control at Work (CAW)
    • Factor 4: Home-Work Interface (HWI)
    • Factor 5: Stress at Work (SAW)
    • Factor 6: Working Conditions (WCS)
  • Conclusion:

The exploration of work-related well-being is a critical aspect of understanding the modern workplace environment. In pursuit of this understanding, the present study delves into the Work-Related Quality of Life Scale (WRQoL) through a rigorous factor analysis approach. The overarching hypothesis, denoted as H1, forms the cornerstone of this investigation, aiming to unravel the latent factors inherent in the WRQoL. This hypothesis sets the stage for a comprehensive exploration of the intricate dimensions that contribute to the overall quality of life experienced by individuals in their professional settings.

Problem Description:

The Factor Analysis assignment aimed to uncover the underlying factors or sub-dimensions within the Work-Related Quality of Life Scale (WRQoL). Employing common factor analysis using principal axis factoring with Promax rotation in SPSS version 26, the study sought to derive meaningful dimensions that contribute to the overall assessment of work-related quality of life.

Factor Analysis Results:

Table 1: Common Factor Loading – Principal Axis Factoring (Promax Rotation)

F1: GWBF2: JCSF3: CAWF4: HWIF5: SAWF6: WCS
Q_2I feel able to voice opinions and influence changes in my area of work (CAW)0.526
Q_4I feel well at the moment (GWB)0.602
Q_5My employer provides adequate facilities and flexibility for me to fit work in around my family life (HWI)0.906
Q_6My current working hours/ patterns suit my personal circumstances (HWI)0.547
Q_7_rI often feel under pressure at work (SAW)0.727
Q_8When I have done a good job it is acknowledged by my line manager (JCS)0.608
Q_9_rRecently, I have been feeling unhappy and depressed (GWB)0.661
Q_10I am satisfied with my life (GWB)0.869
Q_11I am encouraged to develop new skills (JCS)0.807
Q_12I am involved in decisions that affect me in my own area of work (CAW)0.763
Q_14My line manager actively promotes flexible working hours /patterns (HWI)0.602
Q_15In most ways my life is close to ideal (GWB)0.740
Q_16I work in a safe environment (WCS)0.721
Q_18I am satisfied with the career opportunities available for me here (JCS)0.449
Q_19_rI often feel excessive levels of stress at work (SAW)0.827
Q_20I am satisfied with the training I receive in order to perform my present job (JCS)0.361
Q_21Recently, I have been feeling reasonably happy all things considered (GWB)0.755
Q_22The working conditions are satisfactory (WCS)0.786
Q_23I am involved in decisions that affect members of the public in my own area of work (CAW)0.668

Factor Descriptions:

Factor 1: General Well-Being (GWB)

  • Extracted with five items, this factor focuses on happiness and life satisfaction.
  • Reliability value: 0.849.
  • Example: "I am satisfied with my life."

Factor 2: Job and Career Satisfaction (JCS)

  • Extracted with four items, this factor delves into employee satisfaction with job and career.
  • Reliability value: 0.784.
  • Example: "When I have done a good job, it is acknowledged by my line manager."

Factor 3: Control at Work (CAW)

  • Extracted with three items, this factor addresses the ability to influence changes in the work area.
  • Reliability value: 0.758.
  • Example: "I feel able to voice opinions and influence changes in my area of work."

Factor 4: Home-Work Interface (HWI)

  • Extracted with three items, this factor explores the balance between work and personal life.
  • Reliability value: 0.780.
  • Example: "My employer provides adequate facilities and flexibility for me to fit work in around my family life."

Factor 5: Stress at Work (SAW)

  • Extracted with three items, this factor relates to pressure and stress experienced at work.
  • Reliability value: 0.738.
  • Example: "I often feel excessive levels of stress at work."

Factor 6: Working Conditions (WCS)

  • Extracted with three items, this factor gauges satisfaction with working conditions and environment.
  • Reliability value: 0.769.
  • Example: "The working conditions are satisfactory."

Conclusion:

By employing principal axis factoring with Promax rotation, the study successfully identified and described six factors within the WRQoL scale, shedding light on different aspects contributing to an individual's work-related quality of life. The reliability values for each factor indicate the internal consistency and robustness of the identified dimensions.

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