The Factor Analysis assignment aimed to uncover the underlying factors or sub-dimensions within the Work-Related Quality of Life Scale (WRQoL). Employing common factor analysis using principal axis factoring with Promax rotation in SPSS version 26, the study sought to derive meaningful dimensions that contribute to the overall assessment of work-related quality of life.
Factor Analysis Results:
Table 1: Common Factor Loading – Principal Axis Factoring (Promax Rotation)
|F1: GWB||F2: JCS||F3: CAW||F4: HWI||F5: SAW||F6: WCS|
|Q_2||I feel able to voice opinions and influence changes in my area of work (CAW)||0.526|
|Q_4||I feel well at the moment (GWB)||0.602|
|Q_5||My employer provides adequate facilities and flexibility for me to fit work in around my family life (HWI)||0.906|
|Q_6||My current working hours/ patterns suit my personal circumstances (HWI)||0.547|
|Q_7_r||I often feel under pressure at work (SAW)||0.727|
|Q_8||When I have done a good job it is acknowledged by my line manager (JCS)||0.608|
|Q_9_r||Recently, I have been feeling unhappy and depressed (GWB)||0.661|
|Q_10||I am satisfied with my life (GWB)||0.869|
|Q_11||I am encouraged to develop new skills (JCS)||0.807|
|Q_12||I am involved in decisions that affect me in my own area of work (CAW)||0.763|
|Q_14||My line manager actively promotes flexible working hours /patterns (HWI)||0.602|
|Q_15||In most ways my life is close to ideal (GWB)||0.740|
|Q_16||I work in a safe environment (WCS)||0.721|
|Q_18||I am satisfied with the career opportunities available for me here (JCS)||0.449|
|Q_19_r||I often feel excessive levels of stress at work (SAW)||0.827|
|Q_20||I am satisfied with the training I receive in order to perform my present job (JCS)||0.361|
|Q_21||Recently, I have been feeling reasonably happy all things considered (GWB)||0.755|
|Q_22||The working conditions are satisfactory (WCS)||0.786|
|Q_23||I am involved in decisions that affect members of the public in my own area of work (CAW)||0.668|
Factor 1: General Well-Being (GWB)
- Extracted with five items, this factor focuses on happiness and life satisfaction.
- Reliability value: 0.849.
- Example: "I am satisfied with my life."
Factor 2: Job and Career Satisfaction (JCS)
- Extracted with four items, this factor delves into employee satisfaction with job and career.
- Reliability value: 0.784.
- Example: "When I have done a good job, it is acknowledged by my line manager."
Factor 3: Control at Work (CAW)
- Extracted with three items, this factor addresses the ability to influence changes in the work area.
- Reliability value: 0.758.
- Example: "I feel able to voice opinions and influence changes in my area of work."
Factor 4: Home-Work Interface (HWI)
- Extracted with three items, this factor explores the balance between work and personal life.
- Reliability value: 0.780.
- Example: "My employer provides adequate facilities and flexibility for me to fit work in around my family life."
Factor 5: Stress at Work (SAW)
- Extracted with three items, this factor relates to pressure and stress experienced at work.
- Reliability value: 0.738.
- Example: "I often feel excessive levels of stress at work."
Factor 6: Working Conditions (WCS)
- Extracted with three items, this factor gauges satisfaction with working conditions and environment.
- Reliability value: 0.769.
- Example: "The working conditions are satisfactory."
By employing principal axis factoring with Promax rotation, the study successfully identified and described six factors within the WRQoL scale, shedding light on different aspects contributing to an individual's work-related quality of life. The reliability values for each factor indicate the internal consistency and robustness of the identified dimensions.