# A Statistics Report Analyzing Children's TV-Watching Habits and Email Usage:

This report covers two distinct statistics assignments. First write a Data Analysis assignment that focuses on children's television-watching habits, utilizing data from the Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey (LAFANS). The goal is to gain insights into how much time 3- to 5-year-olds spend watching TV or videos on a typical weekday, either at home or elsewhere. The second assignment deals with email usage, involving data from the U.S. General Social Survey conducted in 2021. We explore how respondents allocate their time to sending and answering electronic mail or email.

## Children’s Television-watching Habits

Problem Description:

The first section involves analyzing data from the Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey (LAFANS) to understand the television-watching habits of 3- to 5-year-olds. It includes the identification and interpretation of the mode, calculation and interpretation of the mean, median, range, standard deviation, and coefficient of variation.

1. Mode Identification and Interpretation
• Mode: The mode is identified as two hours, indicating that this is the most common duration for children aged 3 to 5 to watch television or videos on a typical weekday.
2. Mean Calculation and Interpretation
• Mean: The mean is calculated as 2.47 hours, showing that, on average, children in the sample spend 2.47 hours watching television or videos on a typical weekday.
3. Median Calculation and Interpretation
• Median: The median is computed as 2.59 hours, meaning that 50% of the sample spends 2.59 hours or less watching television or videos on a typical weekday.
4. Range Identification and Interpretation
• Range: The range is calculated as 20 hours, indicating that the data spans a range of 20 hours, from 0 to 20.
5. Standard Deviation Calculation and Interpretation
• Standard Deviation: The standard deviation is calculated as 1.96 hours, showing the average deviation from the mean, which is 2.47 hours, for the time spent watching television by 3- to 5-year-olds in the sample.
6. Coefficient of Variation Calculation and Interpretation
• Coefficient of Variation: The coefficient of variation is found to be 0.79, which indicates that the standard deviation is 79% of the mean time spent watching television by the children in the sample.

## Analyzing Email Usage in the U.S. General Social Survey (GSS) 2021

Problem Description:

The second section concerns the U.S. General Social Survey in 2021, specifically dealing with respondents' email usage. The data was originally collected in a varied format, combining hours and minutes. The report explains a data transformation code to create a unified variable, "EMAILHRS1," for measuring email frequency. It then inspects the frequency distributions of the original "EMAILHR" variable and the transformed "EMAILHRS1" variable.

1. Code Explanation
• The code computes the time spent on email by respondents, combining responses in minutes and hours to create a single variable, "EMAILHRS1."
2. requency Distribution Analysis
• The frequency distributions of "emailhr" and "emailhrs1" are compared, highlighting the differences. "emailhrs1" has more meaningful scores (N = 2,527) because it accounts for decimal values, making it more accurate in cases where respondents spend less than one hour on email.
3. Statistical Analysis
• Using SPSS's frequency function, the assignment instructs to generate statistics such as minimum, maximum, range, mode, mean, median, quartiles, and standard deviation, although it suggests not displaying frequency tables.
4. Interpretation of Statistics
• The interpretation of the statistics includes details about the mean (6.41 hours), standard deviation (9.49 hours), mode (1 hour), range (75 hours), quartiles, and how much time respondents spend on email activities.
5. Coefficient of Variation Calculation and Interpretation
• The coefficient of variation is calculated as 1.48, indicating that the standard deviation is 148% of the mean time spent on email by respondents.